In his songs, as critics have remarked, Schumann attained the elusive union of music and poetry which Romantic poets and musicians defined as the ultimate goal of art. Although he had periods of lucidity, his condition deteriorated, and he died there in 1856, probably of tertiary syphilis. Biographie de Robert Schuman. Robert Schuman, född 29 juni 1886 i Luxemburg, död 4 september 1963 i Scy-Chazelles, var en fransk politiker (kristdemokrat) och statsman.. Schuman var Frankrikes premiärminister i två perioder; 24 november 1947 - 26 juli 1948 samt 5 september 1948 - 11 september 1948. Omissions? De mãe luxemburguesa, o jovem Robert Schuman frequentou a escola primária e secundária em Luxemburgo.Tendo realizado estudos superiores de Direito na Alemanha, em Berlim, Munique, … There was serious mental illness in Schumann's family, and the composer, who most likely suffered from a manic-depressive condition, approached madness with the typical Romantic combination of fear and fascination. A founder of the Popular Republican Movement (Mouvement Républicain Populaire; MRP), he served as minister of finance (July–November 1946), premier (November 1947–July 1948 and August–September 1948), foreign minister (July 1948–December 1952), and minister of justice (1955–56). His works often incorporated … BIOGRAPHIE DE ROBERT SCHUMAN - Homme politique français, Robert Schuman est né le 29 juin 1886 à Luxembourg (Luxembourg). In 1828, he enrolled at the University of Leipzig as a law student, although he found music, philosophy, and Leipzig's taverns more interesting than the law. His efforts to become a concert pianist failed after he developed partial paralysis of his right hand. He escaped in 1942 and worked in the Résistance until France was liberated (1944). This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Robert-Schuman, Classical Net - Biography of Robert Schuman, Fact Monster - People - Biography of Robert Schuman. Many of his articles take the form of dialogues featuring the "League of David," young artists fighting the "Philistines," and headed by his alter egos "Florestan" and "Eusebius," intended to represent the two contrasting facets -- one ebullient, the other reserved -- of his personality. Despite Wieck's opposition, Clara and Robert gained the legal right to marry in 1840, a day before Clara's 21st birthday. Read Full Biography. Schumann's father was a bookseller who encouraged Robert's musical and literary talents. Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Robert Schuman (French: [ʁɔbɛʁ ʃuman]; 29 June 1886 – 4 September 1963) was a Luxembourg -born French statesman. Il est mort le 4 septembre 1963 à Scy-Chazelles (France). Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Robert Schuman (n. 29 iunie 1886, Luxemburg, Luxemburg – d. 4 septembrie 1963, Scy-Chazelles [*], Franța) a fost un politician, om de stat, avocat și diplomat francez. Megismerkedett Mendelssohnnal és Chopinnel. This list of compositions by Robert Schumann is classified into piano, vocal, choral, orchestral and chamber works. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Hän oli Ranskan pääministeri 1947–1948. Schumann est le musicien romantique allemand par excellence : poète, fantasque, dépressif et passionné. According to a conventional story, the injury resulted from Schumann's compulsive use of a finger-strengthening device, but newer research points to mercury poisoning due to treatment for syphilis. He virtually invented the short, poetic, descriptive Romantic piano work, and produced such works in glorious profusion in the late 1830s. All works are also listed separately, by opus number. La librairie familiale, qui offre une vie aisée à la famille, permet également au jeune enfant de découvrir rapidement des centaines de livres. Schumann settled on a career as a composer and musical writer, co-founding the influential Neue Zeitschrift für Musik and attracting attention early with his prophetic praise of Chopin. Robert Schumann was born on June 8, 1810, in the Kingdom of Saxony. Robert Schuman (Luxemburgo, 29 de junho de 1886 — Scy-Chazelles, 4 de Setembro de 1963) foi um político democrata cristão e estadista luxemburguês radicado na França.. Biografia. Robert Schuman, (born June 29, 1886, Luxembourg, Lux.—died Sept. 4, 1963, Metz, France), Luxembourgian-born French statesman who founded the European Coal and Steel Community and worked for economic and political unity designed to lead to the establishment of a “United States of Europe.”. Robert Schumann was a German composer of the Romantic period famed for his concertos, symphonies, chamber works, lieder, and piano music. During this period Schumann composed feverishly. 1955); John T. Marcus, Neutralism and Nationalism in France (1958); and Frederick F. Ritsch, The French Left … Pentru un compozitor german, vedeți Robert Schumann. About Robert Schuman. Biography of Robert Schumann from the BSO's Classical Companion. A compulsive womanizer and a heavy drinker, Schumann led a life that aggravated his psychological problems. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. As part of his inheritance, he was required to attend university for three years, so he began law school in Leipzig. Spellbound by a musical thought, he would work himself to exhaustion, enthusiastically cultivating a particular genre for a period of time. Schumann wrote almost exclusively for the piano until 1840, when he burst into song composition around the time of his marriage to Clara Wieck. He began musical study around 7. Découvrez la biographie complète de Schumann Né le 8 juin 1810 à Zwickau (Allemagne de l’est), Robert Schumann meurt le 29 juillet 1856 à Bonn. He first began to receive musical and piano lessons when he was seven years old, from a teacher at the Zwickau high school, Johann Gottfried Kunt… Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Juli 1856 in Endenich, Rheinprovinz, heute Ortsteil von Bonn) war ein deutscher Komponist … The economic aspects of his plan were realized in 1952 in the European Coal and Steel Community, a six-nation western European economic union, the first in a series of economic agreements leading to the formation of the European Economic Community (Common Market) in 1958. Elle développe des études sur l'Union européenne et ses politiques et en promeut le contenu en France, en Europe et à l'étranger. While foreign minister he developed the Schuman Plan (1950) to promote European economic and military unity and a Franco-German rapprochement to prevent another war between the two nations. Schuman … His father was a bookseller, publisher, and novelist, which made a significant influence on Young Schumann. He served as president of the Common Assembly, the consultative arm of the Common Market, from 1958 to 1960 and was an Assembly member until February 1963. Né le 8 juin 1810 à Zwickau (Allemagne de l’est), Robert Alexander Schumann est le dernier des cinq enfants de August, libraire saxon, et de sa femme, excellente pianiste. Robert Schuman (29. kesäkuuta 1886 Luxembourg – 4. syyskuuta 1963 Scy-Chazelles, Moselle, Ranska) oli syntyperältään luxemburgilais- ranskalainen poliitikko. Until after his marriage the great bulk of his work—including that by which he is best known—consisted of short piano pieces and songs, two genres so closely related in his case as to be hardly more than two facets of the same. Robert Schumann was a German composer of the Romantic period famed for his concertos, symphonies, chamber works, lieder, and piano music. Juni 1810 in Zwickau, Königreich Sachsen; † 29. Après des études de droits, il devient député de la Moselle en 1919. Robert Schumann (n. 8 iunie 1810, Zwickau, Regatul Saxoniei – d. 29 iulie 1856, Endenich [*], Regatul Prusiei) a fost un compozitor și pianist german, unul dintre cei … Robert started studying piano at age 10. Créée en 1991 et reconnue d'utilité publique, la Fondation Robert Schuman est le principal centre de recherches français sur l'Europe. Updates? Biographie de Robert Schuman Robert Schuman est né à Luxembourg, le 29 juin 1886 ; sa mère était luxembourgeoise et avait épousé un Lorrain qui s'était soustrait à … Dr. jur. La mère de Robert Schuman, Eugénie Duren (1864-1911), une Luxembourgeoise née à Bettembourg, acquiert la nationalité allemande lors de son mariage avec Jean-Pierre Schuman. Interestingly, Clara Wieck, Friederich's daughter and Robert's future wife, was a far greater perfor… Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. V rokoch 1947 – 1948 zastával post ministerského predsedu a v rokoch 1958 – 1960 pôsobil ako prezident Európskeho parlamentu; ako minister zahraničných vecí (1948 – 1952) sa význačnou mierou … 68.Upon publication the pieces were issued both as a complete set and individual pieces, the latter in differently colored covers. Robert Schumann (* 8. Este considerat drept unul din părinții fondatori ai Uniunii Europene. Il fut l'un des fondateurs de la CEE et l'un des initiateurs de la réconciliation franco-allemande. When he was 16, he lost his father and sister. Han var dessutom Frankrikes utrikesminister 1948–1953 och Europaparlamentets första ordförande … Tout, dans son œuvre et sa vie, le démontre. Corrections? Né en 1886, à Clausen au Luxembourg, et mort en 1963 à Scy-Chazelles, Robert Schuman est un homme politique français. Robert Schumann (/ˈʁoː.bɛʁt ˈʃuː.man/), né le 8 juin 1810 à Zwickau et mort le 29 juillet 1856 à Endenich (aujourd'hui un quartier de Bonn), est un pianiste et … The song accompaniments are often … On February 27, 1854, he threw himself into the freezing waters of the Rhine. Le père de Robert Schuman, Jean-Pierre Schuman (1837-1900), est né français de langue luxembourgeoise à Évrange, un village lorrain à la frontière franco-luxembourgeoise. After his rescue, he voluntarily entered an asylum. Robert Schumann was born in June of 1810 in Zwickau, Germany (part of Saxony). Häntä pidetään yhtenä Euroopan unionin isistä.. Schuman syntyi Luxemburgissa.Hänen vanhempansa olivat Lothringenista.Hän sai Ranskan kansalaisuuden … En 1871, après l'annexion d'une partie de la Lorraine par l'Allemagne, il devient allemand. Biography of Robert Schuman. His role in the Fourth Republic is extensively discussed in Alexander Werth, France, 1940-1955 (1956). He was the fifth child of his parents Christiane and August Schumann. Further Reading on Robert Schuman. Jacques Rigaud : "18 in 1950: the European fortune of an entire generation" Follow the Robert Schuman Foundation and consult all of our publications on The Robert Schuman Foundation, created in 1991 and acknowledged by State decree in 1992, is the main French research centre on Europe. Useful works for historical background are Herbert Luethy, France against Herself (trans. Robert Schumann was a German composer of the Romantic period famed for his concertos, symphonies, chamber works, lieder, and piano music. He held several musical jobs, teaching at the newly-founded Leipzig Conservatory, eventually becoming town music director in Düsseldorf, but without much success. Robert Schuman (* 29. jún 1886, Clausen, Luxembursko – † 4. september 1963, Scy-Chazelles, Francúzsko) bol francúzsky politik luxembursko-lotrinského pôvodu. Schumann's extraordinary ability to translate profound, delicate -- and sometimes fleeting -- states of the soul is exemplified by works such as the song cycle Dichterliebe (A Poet's Love), after Heinrich Heine, and his brilliant collections of short piano pieces, including Phantasiestücke (Fantastic Pieces), Kinderszenen (Scenes form Childhood), and Waldszenen (Forest Scenes). Il se passionne pou… Robert Schumann (b.Zwickau in Saxony, June 8, 1810; died July 29, 1856) was a famous German composer.He lived in the time called the Romantic period.He had to give up his plans for being a concert pianist because he injured his hand. Robert Schuman, (born June 29, 1886, Luxembourg, Lux.—died Sept. 4, 1963, Metz, France), Luxembourgian-born French statesman who founded the European Coal and Steel … Robert Schumann : biographie, actualités et musique à écouter He published a music magazine and wrote a lot of articles about music that had just been composed. Schumann's music, with its sharp changes in mood, also reflects his tumultuous inner life. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Schuman, a member of the French National Assembly from 1919, was arrested by the German Gestapo in September 1940 after the German occupation of France. During this time, he met Friederich Wieck, who would become his teacher and future father-in-law. Robert Schuman, né le 29 juin 1886 à Luxembourg et mort le 4 septembre 1963 à Scy-Chazelles (Moselle), était un homme d'État français et est considéré comme l'un des pères de la construction européenne. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Robert és Clara Schumann A zeneszerzés mellett zeneírói munkálkodását is elkezdte: 1834 -ben zenei újságot alapított (Neue Zeischrift für Musik) és szerkesztett. Bunte Blätter (English: Colorful Leaves), Op. Bien qu'il soit né à Clausen There is no biography of Schuman in English. Après avoir hésité entre la littérature et la musique, il se lance dans cette dernière mais son inspiration restera toujours marquée par … Schumann was uncomfortable with larger musical forms, such as the symphony and the concerto (nevertheless, representative works in these genres contain moments of great beauty), expressing the full range of his lyrical genius in songs and short pieces for piano. Robert Schumann, the German composer, aesthete and a renowned music critic was perhaps the most influential composer of the Romantic era. Il est considéré comme l'un des "pères fondateurs" de l'Union européenne. He also began studies with a prominent Leipzig piano teacher, Friedrich Wieck. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. 99, is a collection of piano pieces by Robert Schumann assembled from earlier unpublished pieces after the success of the Album for the Young (Album für die Jugend), Op. Robert Schumann - Robert Schumann - Legacy: As a composer Schumann was first and most naturally a miniaturist. Írásaiban nagyra … Schumann tackled larger forms in the 1840s, partly at Clara's urging; his four mature symphonies retain a place in the repertoire, but his opera Genoveva failed. His music is full of things that are typical of … (For instance, 1841 was a "year of songs" in which he brought the Romantic song cycle to its apex). Wieck's highly talented pianist daughter Clara grew up and fell in love with Schumann, to her father's horror. One of the great composers of the 19th century, Schumann was the quintessential artist whose life and work embody the idea of Romanticism in music.